TITANIC-TITANIC.com | SS Ypiranga
- Builder: Friedrich Krupp, Germaniawerft, Kiel
- Yard No.:
- Launched: 8th May, 1908
- Maiden Voyage: 14th October, 1908
- Gross Tonnage: 8,142 tons
- Length: 450.6 ft.
- Beam: 55.1 ft.
- Decks: 2
- Funnels: 1
- Masts: 2
- Propellers: 2
- Engines: 2 x quadruple expansion engines
- Speed: 13.5 knots
- Port of Registry: Hamburg
- Carrying Capacity: 136 first class, 126 third class, 1,049 steerage
- Sister Ships: Corcovada
Ypiranga was launched for the Hamburg America South and Central America service, on the 8th May, 1908, at Friedrich Krupp's Kiel yard.
Ypiranga's maiden voyage to Brazil followed on the 14th October, 1908.
Ypiranga was found to be quite unstable at sea, and in an effort to try and compensate the effects of the rolling, two water filled anti-roll tanks were fitted to Ypiranga, located adjacent to the masts, see the picture here on the left.
Ypiranga's route was extended to include Buenos Aires, Argentina during 1910.
In 1911, Ypiranga was transferred to the Hamburg to Gulf of Mexico route.
The Ypiranga Incident
On the 21st April, 1914, Ypiranga was carrying arms and ammunition to General Victoriano Huerta, a rebel Mexican. An embargo on carrying weapons had been placed on Mexico by the United States, and as Ypiranga tried to enter the port of Veracruz, in Mexico, she was detained by U.S troops there, and prevented from unloading her cargo. Ypiranga made her way to Puerto Mexico, and unloaded the cargo there instead.
Ypiranga was laid up at Hamburg in the August of 1914, and at one point, she was fitted out to carry cavalry for a proposed invasion of England.
On 28th March, 1919, Ypiranga was ceded to England under the war reparation scheme, and in April, she was placed under the management of the White Star Line. Ypiranga's first sailing was to repatriate troops, and then after that, she was placed on the Australian service.
In 1920, Ypiranga found herself laid up at Hull, awaiting overhaul.
In the January of 1921, Ypiranga was acquired by the Anchor Line, from the ministy of shipping, and renamed Assyria, for operating on the Bombay service. In June, she entered service, but on the Atlantic.
In 1923, during prohibition, $1,000,000 of liquor was seized from Assyria, but it was returned after court action.
in 1925, Assyria was released by Anchor ships from the Atlantic, and in September, then served on the Bombay route.
On the 21st December, 1929, Assyria was sold for £70,000, to Companhia Colonial De Navegacao, of Lisbon, and renamed Colonial, and operated on the Lisbon, Angola and Mozambique route.
In 1950, Colonial was sold at Lisbon to BISCO, and renamed Bisco 9, for the voyage to the breakers at Dalmuir, towed by the tug Turmoil. On 17th September, the tow rope broke in a gale, and Bisco 9w was wrecked off Cambeltown, Scotland. The crew were all saved, and Bisco 9 was broken up where she lay.
N.B. Image source (top) Migration Heritage
N.B. Image source (bottom) Wikipedia
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